From Indian Lake to the Ohio River
Clean Sweep of the Great Miami River
About the Clean Sweep
The first cleaning of the Great Miami River started back in 1986 when two Tri-county Sanitation lab workers were pulling GMR water samples off of Old Needmore Road facility. They both commented to each other that the trash on / in the GMR was terrible. These two gentlemen started the first "sweep".
The Miami Conservancy District was right in there at the start and they started tabulating results. Tri-County Sanitation got great support from the three Dayton area hospitals, Grandview, Miami Valley and Good Samaritan and their employees.
Momentum was building. Then General Motors started with their volunteers from Inland, Fisher Body and Morain plants and that carried the clean up further north and south along the river. As these large entities started putting their community funding and volunteers toward other great projects, MCD started finding sectional leaders that groups that "adopted" their home town sections of the GMR and the Clean Sweep.
In 2005, several groups along the southern stretch of the GMR saw the great work going on upstream, and decided to join in the fun. Since 2005, groups all along the GMR, from Indian Lake at the headwaters, to Shawnee Lookout Park at the mouth, take part. Check out our list of locations to find a site near you. If you do not see a site near you, and would like to find out how to be a site coordinator, contact Linda Raterman at Miami County SWCD for areas north of Franklin and for areas south of Franklin contact Lynn White at Butler SWCD.
Plans for each Sweep start with a face to face meeting of all sectional leaders and a few folks that lead the group. Dates are set, existing sponsors are asked for continued support, new sponsors are sought after, logistics are planned, projected budgets are firmed up, and the enthusiasm grows. E-mails / texts / and phone calls round out the planning and then it is "Go Time" in late July for the Northern sections and Fall for the Southern sections. With the help of MCD having great records of sweeps from 1987 to 2005 and current data collected by sectional leaders from 2005 to present, it looks like the Clean Sweep of the Great Miami River Watershed has had a yearly estimate of 1250 volunteers pick up, drag out, and lug over 850 tons of trash and tires out of the Great Miami River since '87. That is the just shy of the weight of three fully loaded Boeing 777-300 aircraft.
What Kind of Things Do We Find?
About 10 years ago, two canoe loads of Ohio EPA volunteers were paddling down the GMR as part of the Piqua to Sidney section of the Clean Sweep. One of the guys spotted what he thought was a turtle shell or a ball stuck in the muddy river bank. As they got to the bank they found it to be like a bone, like the top of a human skull type bone. The two guys from Columbus took it with them to the Ohio Bureau of Investigation. The staff at OBI said to take it to Ohio EPA Dayton office and to get it to Sunwatch Village. The curator there identified it as a skull cap of an adolescent boy from the Adena Period of early people in Ohio. It was estimated to be 2500 to 3000 years old! The State contacted the tribes that were originally from this area,who are descendants of the Adena people. That piece of bone is at Boonshoft Museum in Dayton, but not for open display to public.
Other unusual items found over the years are: a wad of about 1500 coat hangers, 30 foot section of guardrail, 42" riding lawn mower, steel fork lift wheels, 4-50 gal. bags of dead fighting roosters, a live fish inside a tire and wheel, a safe (popped), a jar of olives, dirt bike motorcycle, 4-8 foot diameter wood spools, and an old ceramic sign for chewing tobacco.
When we cleanup after the 4th of July there are a lot of pieces of used fireworks. The year we held the cleanup in early November, we found a bunch of Halloween decorations and masks. We can never be quite sure what we are goin to find, but we do know the quantity of materials is ridiculous, and the amount of bottles and cans that could have been recycled is saddening.
About the Great Miami River
Beginning as a small stream that exits Indian Lake from the south, the Great Miami River meanders through seven southwest Ohio Counties and a small portion of southeast Indiana, as it makes its 170 mile journey to the Ohio River. The river’s drainage basin, or watershed, covers 5,385 mi.2 (~14,000 km2) and drains all or parts of 15 counties.
There are more than 6,600 miles of rivers and streams in the Great Miami River Watershed. There are at least 285 named streams within the watershed, including the Still Water River, Mad River, Whitewater River, Twin Creek, Wolf Creek, and Four Mile Creek.
In his Historical Collections of Ohio 19th century historian Henry Howe recounts, “The word Miami, in the Ottawa language, is said to signify mother. The name Miami was originally the designation of the tribe who anciently bore the name of "Tewightewee." This tribe were the original inhabitants of the Miami valley, and affirmed they were created in it.” This and other tribes maneuvered their canoes up the Great Miami and down the Maumee to reach Lake Erie. It was this same route that allowed the first settlers to navigate from the Ohio River to the upper portions of the state. Once the settlers arrived in this region, the Great Miami was a natural waterway for trading purposes up the river from Dayton as well as below.
The settlers along the Great Miami first used flat boats and keelboats for moving trade."The boats were often loaded with produce, taken in exchange for goods, work, or even for lots and houses, because business men, instead of having money to deposit in the bank or to invest, were frequently obliged to send cargoes of articles received in place of cash, south or north for sale. Cherry and walnut logs and lumber were brought down the river by rafts. The flatboat men sold their boats when they arrived at New Orleans, and buying a horse, returned home by land. (Franklin in the Miami Valley, Warren County Genealogical Society).
In March of 1913, the Miami Valley witnessed a natural disaster unparalleled in the region’s history. Three storms converged on the state, dumping 9 to 11 inches of rain March 23-25 on ground already saturated from the melting of ice and snow of a hard winter. A 90-percent runoff rate caused the Great Miami River and its tributary streams to overflow. Every city along the river was inundated with floodwaters. About half a trillion gallons of water flowed down the Great Miami River during the flood. That's equal to about four days' worth of water flowing over Niagara Falls. More than 360 people lost their lives; property damage exceeded $100 million (nearly $2 billion in today’s economy).
The Great Miami River is now host to many who love to canoe, kayak, and water ski. in addition to recreation in the water, there is also the Great Miami River Recreation Trail
It is located entirely within the Till Plains – a Physiographic region known for its large deposits of highly permeable sand and gravel. This material, left by the glacier over 10,000 years ago, allows for vast amounts of water storage underground, keeping many of its tributaries flowing even during times of drought. This precious groundwater supply also serves as the drinking water source for hundreds of thousands of southwest Ohio residents.
The level to gently rolling plain is broken by the wide valleys of the major streams. Toward Cincinnati the topography is hilly and more dissected, but is not as rugged as some other parts of southern and southeastern Ohio. The principal terrain features north of Middletown are the kames, eskers, and end moraines left by the glaciers.
The bedrock units exposed in the basin consist of limestone, dolomite, and shale of Ordovician and Silurian age. These strata are relatively dense and do not allow for the storage of large volumes of ground water. In the northern part of the basin, where the Silurian dolomites prevail, ground-water storage may influence streamflow to a minor degree.
The glacial drift is deep over the upper part of the basin, exceeding 300 feet in places, but thinning toward the south. The glaciers left extensive deposits of washed material, particularly outwash, valley-train deposits, kames, eskers, and kame moraines. Many deep preglacial or interglacial stream valleys are filled with permeable sands and gravels.
The soils in the basin are derived from glacial deposits of both early and late Wisconsin age. Miamian, Celina, Crosby, and Kokomo are the dominant soils of the late Wisconsin till area, and Russell, Xenia, and Fincastle are the principal soils of the early Wisconsin area. Classification of these soils depends on the drainage condition under which they developed. The less well-drained soils are relatively impermeable. Rather extensive terrace and alluvial soils occur, generally with good drainage and high permeability.
Eldean, Ockley, and associated soils are prevalent on the terraces. Genesee soils are the dominant alluvial soils.
Since the Clean Water Act was passed in 1972, regulations have limited the discharge of pollutants into waterways, so the water quality in the watershed has shown strong improvement. However, due to stormwater pollution, the everyday actions of every person within the watershed can have an adverse impact on the water quality. Even if you live miles from the local stream, your nieghborhood is still directly connected to it by a network of storm drains or drainage dithes. The storm water, or rain water can pick up debris, chemicals, soil, or other pollutants and carry them through this storm water system directly, and untreated, to the nearest water body.
By becoming a Great Miami River Clean Up volunteer you can help us to reduce the amount of storm water polltion by collecting trash from the banks of the river.
Thank you to Doug Dirksing for compiling some of this information and to Miami Conservancy District, Fish and Wildlife Service and Friends of the Great Miami for providing the background.